Maths - word problems
How to help your child with maths word problems
Children will encounter word problems in their maths tests so it is good to ensure they have a thorough understanding of these.
- Discussing and identifying the maths operation needed i.e. addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.
- Discussing and explaining any new mathematical words e.g. cost, pairs, double, altogether etc.
- Discussing whether it is a multi-step or single-step problem.
- Talking about whether it requires a mental or written calculation.
- You may need to think of a simpler problem and use blocks, coins, a number line to visually explain the problem
For example, if a word problem says there are six biscuits in a box and two packets, your child can draw a picture and then count.
- Start with word problems which only need addition e.g. Sam has 3 toy cars, 5 balloons and a bicycle. How many toys does he have altogether?
- Continue with problems which use addition and subtraction e.g. David had 50p and bought a card at 5p and a book at 25p. How much change did he receive from £1?
- Proceed from there to problems that require a written calculation.
This is an extract from the first worksheet - How to help your child with maths word problems.
This page also includes time word problems and measurement word problems.
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