How to help with maths word problems

How to help with maths word problems

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Maths 7-11 years

Some typical maths topics explained for KS2 (Key Stage 2) Maths.

Explaining numbers to children
It is important that pupils have a clear understanding of numbers and how to use them.  Younger children start establishing  a clear understanding of units then they gradually  progress to Tens. Visual aids such as conkers, beads, blocks or sometimes fingers can help establish the number concept

As our number system is worked in BASE 10 each number has a place value. This means that its value depends on its position. In arithmetic the positions or columns are given names. This shows for example the number 965.

Th H T U
(Thousands) (Hundreds) (Tens) (Units)
  9 6 5
When you move from one column to the next starting with the units each number becomes 10 times larger. 
For the number 9 6 5 we have: 
U = 5 units
T = 6 groups of 10 = 60
H = 9 groups of 100 = 900

In these number examples the figures underlined have the following values:
  3789     3 is 3000 (three thousand)
40327 40 is 40000 (forty thousand)
65891 8 is 800 (eight hundred)

An even number is a number which can be exactly divided by 2  e.g 2  4  6  8  10.

All other numbers are odd numbers e.g 1  3  5  7  9  11.

A prime number is a number which can only be divided exactly by itself and by one. All prime numbers are odd numbers apart from 2. 1 is not a prime number 5  7  11  13  29 and 53 are examples of prime numbers.

Square numbers are numbers whose dots can be arranged in the shape of a square. e.g. 16

squere 
 
The names of 3D shapes will be learnt.
 
shapes
 
Here are the names of the angles.
angles
 

Have fun with Numbers and Maths

It is important that Maths is as much fun as possible so incidental learning with games and puzzles can reinforce all learning.
Letters and numbers expressions
KS2 mental maths for spring
Everyday maths problems
Maths for Years 4 and 5
Thinking about numbers for KS2
Can you work these out (a)?
Equal sharing
Maths practice for KS2
Revision problems KS2 maths
Try working out these numbers
Revision maths Year 6
Maths SATS questions & explanations
Sample KS2 maths paper for revision
Year 3 maths revision and test
Decimal Fun
Definition of prime numbers and sequencing
Converting fractions and decimals
Rounding tens, hundreds and thousands
Letters and numbers
Worksheet transformations
Shopping for presents KS2
Maths multi choice questions KS2
Maths in the garden
Prime thinking KS2
Square areas KS2
Winning maths KS2
Maths patterns KS2
Powers of 2 Year 6
Maths at the party KS2
Activities for maths
Maths with a picture KS2
Maths skills KS2
Baking maths KS2
Averages KS2
Patterns and sequences KS2
Rounding KS2
Shopping costs KS2
Maths support KS2
Try these maths questions KS2
Football maths
Shopping in the sale
Geometry crossword KS2
Who is the winner?
Maths topics for KS2
Quick maths revision KS2
Maths suggestions KS2
Use of numbers KS2
Puzzling problems KS2
Number patterns KS2
One minute maths KS2
Maths problems KS2

 

Please see the right side menu for the full range of maths topics covered.

 

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